Cramer's necklace or Indian ringed parakeet - all about wikiet look
|Cramer Necklace Parrot or Indian Ringed Parrot||Psittacula krameri|
Appearance of the Cramer Necklace Parrot
The bird belongs to the middle parrots, the tail is long, up to 20 cm. The size of the necklace parrot is about 40 cm, body weight up to 140 g. The body color is predominantly grassy green, a black, barely noticeable strip stretches from the eye to the beak, and the plumage under the beak in the throat area is also black. This species is characterized by sexual dimorphism, males and females differ in color. The beak is powerful, red in color, the legs are gray-pink. Breeders have deduced many colors - blue, yellow, white, gray, various options for green, variegated colors.
How to determine the sex of a parakeet?
Usually, males by the time of puberty “acquire” a new element in color - a black, pink-bordered necklace. It is fully formed by 3 years. In females, the plumage is usually more dull, the tail is shorter, and the shape of the head is not so square.
Unfortunately, before the onset of puberty, determining the sex of these parrots can be very problematic, a DNA test can help, which will give an almost 100% guarantee. If this is not possible, then you can try to determine the sex based on the behavior of the bird - males, when they see their reflection in the mirror, can fold their wings “heart” and narrow their pupils. Usually, the paws of males are not as powerful as those of females. The head of the males is more square. The color in the area is more saturated. However, to determine sex by external signs for albino and yellow mutations, this method will not work.
Females usually have a more knocked-down body shape, thick paws, when looking at their reflection, can throw their head back and narrow their pupils.
Habitat and life in nature
The habitat is very wide, Indian ringed parrots live in Africa and Asia. Prefers to settle in forests, open landscapes and savannahs. I feel good next to a person in agrolandscapes and cities. Also, several colonies from departed pets were formed in the USA, England, Belgium, Spain and Italy. The species adapts very well to any conditions where there is a food supply.
Birds live in packs, they do not occur singly. They can stray in flocks with other species of birds. These are pretty noisy parrots. They feed mainly on land and trees. The diet includes wild cereal seeds, weeds, tree seeds, fruits, nuts, flowers and nectar. Attack the crops of sunflower, corn, visit orchards. Diet may vary depending on the season, as well as the availability of certain feeds.
In nature, birds reach sexual maturity by two years, however, they begin to reproduce by 3-4 years. The nesting period falls on January - April, sometimes July, depending on the habitat. The necklace parrots have a mating dance. They nest at a height, usually in hollows of trees, in crevices of rocks, and can use various holes in the walls of human buildings for nests. In clutch usually 4 to 6 eggs, only female incubates them for up to 34 days. The male feeds and protects her. At the age of 7 weeks, the chicks leave the nest. For some time, the parents who feed them keep on.
Cramer Necklace Parrot Content
Why is a necklace a parrot a good choice? Birds are unpretentious, quickly make contact with a person, smart and quick-witted. The necklace parrot "speaks", their ability to imitate speech is quite impressive - 50-60 words. In addition, they can learn various sounds, simple tricks.
Necklace parrots live with proper care up to 30 years. However, among the minuses are their rather loud and piercing screams, their destructive beak that can ruin your property. They cannot be kept with other species of parrots, especially smaller ones, as the necklace parrots are quite aggressive towards them and bitten off fingers are only a small part of what they can do.
When keeping them separate from other species, there can be no talk of any joint walks, only separately, under your supervision. Cages with other birds are best removed for this time or covered.
The content of the Cramer necklace parrot is quite simple, it does not require any special conditions.
Before purchasing a parrot, take care of a suitable cage or aviary in advance. If in the future you plan to breed necklace parrots, the best solution would be a spacious aviary with a length of at least 2 m.The mesh or rods in the cage should be strong, since these parrots make good use of their beak and are quite capable of destroying short-lived structures.
The cage should be in a well-lit room, without drafts, not in direct sunlight, not next to heating appliances.
A comfortable temperature for keeping necklace parrots ranges from 15 to 25 degrees.
In the cage, poles of the appropriate diameter must be installed so that the bird completely encircles them with its paw. Do not forget about toys, piggy banks - this species has a rather high level of intelligence, they need to be entertained, otherwise it is fraught with the fact that the bird will begin to entertain itself, destroying your house. Or even worse, from boredom it will begin to stress and pluck feathers for itself. In addition, the cage should have feeders, a drinking bowl, and, whenever possible, a swimming pool.
Caring for Cramer's Necklace Parrot is simple. It is necessary to maintain hygiene in the cage, properly feed the bird, provide access to clean drinking water, devote enough time to training the bird, and monitor the state of health.
Kramer Necklace Parrot Feeding
The basis of the diet of necklace parrots is a grain mixture. It is suitable industrial production for medium-sized parrots. The feed must be packed in airtight packaging, without impurities and odors, not contain dyes and artificial additives. The basis of the feed should be canary seed, millet, a small amount of oats, buckwheat, safflower and sunflower. Offer Senegalese millet to birds, succulent feed (greens, twig feed), sprouted cereals, fruits and vegetables allowed to birds. Sources of calcium and minerals must be present in the cell - sepia, chalk, mineral mixture.
Breeding necklace parrots is quite a responsible matter. Unfortunately, it is better not to engage in breeding of these birds in the cage, since the percentage of probability of breeding in such conditions is rather low, in addition, due to the small space in the cage, the female can be aggressive not only to chicks, but also to the male, which may end in death.
For breeding, a spacious aviary is suitable. Birds should be a mixed-sex couple.
Nesting birds must be at least 3 years old. Birds must be healthy, well-fed.
Before hanging a nesting house, it is necessary to prepare the organisms of birds for this energy-consuming process. For this, gradually over a month, daylight hours are increased to at least 15 hours, protein feeds of animal origin, more sprouted grain, fruits and vegetables are introduced into the diet.
The nesting house should be with a minimum size of 25x25x50 cm. It should be made of durable materials, otherwise, the birds will simply nibble it with their powerful beaks. In the house you need to pour wood shavings or sawdust, preferably hardwood. Usually, after a short time, birds are interested in him.
Make sure that the female does not behave aggressively towards the male. After laying the first egg, animal protein is removed from the diet and reintroduced when the chicks are born.
Sometimes the female throws the clutch, but do not despair, you can try another time. Chicks are born blind and covered only in fluff. By 2 months they fledge and leave the nesting house. Their plumage is faded, the beak is pale. By 2.5 months, they begin to eat on their own.
For feeding chicks, it is better to pick up at the age of not earlier than 3 weeks. So they quickly get used to the person and become completely tame.