Rhodesian ridgeback: description. FCI Standard Rhodesian Ridgeback
Group 6. Hounds, blood-hounds and related breeds.
Section 3. Related breeds.
Without working trials.
In the photo: Rhodesian Ridgeback
The Kennel Union of South Africa and the Zimbabwean Kennel Club adhere to this standard.
Brief historical summary
Rhodesian Ridgebacks are currently the only registered native breed in South Africa. Their ancestors lived in a colony of the Cape of Good Hope, where they crossed with the dogs of the colonists and the semi-domesticated, combed, hunting dogs of the Hottentots. Hunted in groups of two to three dogs. The initial task of the Rhodesian Ridgeback, or “Lion Dog”, is to track down the lion and, thanks to its agility, keep it in place until the hunter approaches. The original standard, created in 1922 by F.R. Barnes (Bula Vaio, Rhodesia), was based on the Dalmatian standard and was approved by the South African Cynological Union in 1926.
The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a perfectly balanced, strong, muscular, agile and active dog, symmetrical in shape and capable of a long and fast run. At the same time, agility, elegance and strength are not accompanied by massiveness. A distinctive feature of this breed is the dorsal ridge (ridge), which is formed by wool growing in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat.
This crest should have a clear outline, be symmetrical, begin immediately behind the shoulders and have a cone-shaped narrowing to the back of the dog (thigh bones). It should have only two identical corollas located opposite each other.
The lower edges of each corolla should not extend downward by more than one third of the crest. Its average width is 5 cm.
It is held with dignity, smart, arrogant with strangers, without signs of aggression or joy.
Skull: should be of medium length (the width of the head between the ears, the distance from the back of the head to the top and from the top to the nose should be equal), even and wide between the ears at rest, wrinkles should not form on the head. The apex should be clearly outlined and not be on the same line with the nose and occipital bone.
Nose: should be black or brown, the first should be combined with dark eyes, the second with yellow.
Muscle: should be long, deep and powerful.
Lips: should be smooth and exactly fit the jaws.
Mouth: the jaws are strong, with a perfect “scissor” bite, that is, the upper teeth fit snugly on the lower and are well fitted to the jaws. The teeth should be well developed, especially for fangs, or holders.
Cheeks: should be smooth.
Eyes: moderately spaced apart, round, smart, lively. The color should be in harmony with the color of the coat.
Ears: should be quite high, fit snugly to the head, be of medium size, fairly wide at the base and gradually tapering to rounded ends.
Neck: It should be medium length, strong and without suspension.
Rear part: powerful.
Small of the back: strong, muscular and slightly curved.
Rib cage: should not be too wide, but deep enough and roomy. The sternum should reach the elbows.
Front of the chest: should be visible when viewed from the side.
Ribs: moderately springy, but in no case rounded in the manner of hoops for barrels.
Tail: should be strong at the root base, gradually tapering towards the end and not have any roughness. The length is moderate. It is attached not too high and not too low, is in a slightly upwardly curved state and never curls.
Forelimbs should be completely straight, strong and rather bony, with the elbows resting on the body. When viewed from the side, the front legs should look wider than when you look at them from the front. Grandmas should be strong, slightly springy.
Shoulders: should be sloping, smooth and muscular, which guarantees speed of movement.
Feet: should be compact and rounded, with well-arched fingers and dense, elastic pads, protected by hair growing between them and fingers.
The muscles of the hind limbs should be smooth, pronounced, with good kneecaps and strong knee tendons, clearly descending.
Straight ahead, free and active.
The coat should be short and dense, glossy and shiny, but not too fluffy or silky.
From light to reddish wheat. A slight presence of white spots on the chest or fingers is quite acceptable, but their abundance in these places, as well as on the belly or above the fingers, is considered undesirable. It is quite possible a dark muzzle and ears. Extremely undesirable abundance of black hair all over the skin.
Males: 63 - 69 cm, females: 61 - 66 cm.
Males: 36.5 kg, females: 32 kg.
Any deviation from the above standards is considered a drawback, and the stronger the deviation, the more serious the drawback.
Males should have two normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.